What is baby eczema?
When some red colored crusty patches are visible on the delicate skin of your baby, at a glance it may seem alarming. But you need not worry because it is a common problem of baby eczema in case of many babies especially in the initial months and is very much treatable.
What does it actually look like?
It is also known as atopic dermatitis or infant eczema which appears in nearly 10-15% children. Generally it can occur anywhere on the body of a baby but most of the times it is seen on the cheeks and joints of the arms and legs. The skin becomes dry, itchy and rough and you will notice red patches on the skin.
Sometimes it can be confused with cradle cap which is another red scaly condition that occurs on the sides of the nose, on the scalp, behind the ears, eyebrows and eyelids of infants but it gets cured by 8 months of age.
What are the factors that trigger eczema in babies?
There are many reasons which trigger baby eczema. Factors that trigger eczema in infants may not trigger the same in adults. Mentioned below are few of the factors which set off eczema;
Dry skin – This condition generally arises in winters when the humidity is low and the air is dry. Dry skin makes the eczema itchier.
Sweat and heat – Both of these factors worsen the infant eczema.
Stress – Babies with eczema generally react to stress by blushing. This aggravates the itchiness of the irritated skin.
Irritants – Things like woolen clothes, body and laundry soaps, perfumes etc. have been seen triggering the baby’s eczema condition.
Allergens – This is yet to be proven whether food allergy in babies triggers eczema. Some of the experts have a belief that by excluding certain food items from the baby’s diet you can control its symptoms.
6 most trusted treatments for baby eczema
When you see your baby’s smooth and delicate skin turning dry, red and itchy generally it is eczema which is the cause behind it. Usually it appears within the age of 2-6 months. This atopic dermatitis is said to affect nearly 20% of the infants and children. Discussed below are the six most trusted infant eczema treatments which are sure to help soothe your baby’s skin;
1. Avoiding Tropical Irritants – It has been seen that most of the babies suffer from skin allergies due to dyes, perfumes and other chemical household products like bath and laundry detergents, soaps, bubble baths, fabric softer etc. Therefore switching over to fragrance-free products is the best solution. This will automatically minimize the itching and flare-ups.
2. Using a good cream for eczema – Trying out a fragrance-free, gentle cream which locks in the moisture is really effective. You need to apply it on your baby’s skin a few times a day, notably after a bath.
3. Carry out tests for food allergy – Infact eczema can often be a cause of food allergy. On conducting this allergy test you can be sure if your baby is suffering from any type of food allergy. If it turns out that he or she is allergic to any kind of food item, on removing it completely from the diet you can easily get rid of eczema.
4. Avoiding overheating – It is always advised that babies suffering from eczema should put on light and breathable fabrics. Because scratchy and heavy fabrics causes over heating which worsens the eczema.
5. Limit the damage of scratching – When your baby suffers from eczema its skin is really itchy which causes heavy scratching. To prevent the adverse effects of scratching like cuts and infections you should cut their nails short and clean. Also you can try putting on some light mittens at night.
6. Applying medication – It has been seen in some cases that following the above procedures alone doesn’t help in curing the condition. It is then when you are recommended to use some sort of steroid cream. Along with the normal precautions application of this cream helps your baby to get rid of eczema completely.
There is no way that you can prevent baby eczema but if you take good care of the baby’s skin and avoid the triggering factors then very soon you can help your baby overcome this condition.