If you have been diagnosed with eczema, you need to follow a proper treatment plan prescribed by a doctor per number of factors.
These include the medical history of the patient, the type of eczema they have been diagnosed with, and its extent and severity.
Most eczema medications available in the market are meant to alleviate the itching and skin inflammation associated with this condition. In addition to that, these are intended to help rid of the infection and reduce the occurrence of lesions and heal them.
Antibiotics used as Eczema Medications
The use of antibiotics has proved to be an effective medication for almost all types of eczema as it helps treat the bacterial infection, which causes the same. One of the most common manifestations of this skin condition is constant itching. Statistics show that a patient suffering from atopic dermatitis scratches their skin nearly 500 to 1000 times in a day. That not only scars the upper layer of the skin but also aids in spreading the bacterial infection. However, regular intake of prescribed antibiotics can provide some much-needed relief to the patient as it kills the infection-causing microorganisms and helps in clearing the infection.
It is best to take the antibiotics prescribed for treating eczema orally. However, several doctors also prescribe topical antibiotic ointments that are applied over the infected area. In extreme cases, you can also take these antibiotic medicines intravenously to provide instant relief from all the itching.
However, to gain maximum benefit from these eczema medications, you should follow the doctor’s prescription to the tee and not skip doses or overdose. By doing this, you will be doing more harm than good as it may help the bacteria develop resistance to the medicine.
Using Barrier Repair Moisturizers as Eczema Medication
These steroid-free, skin-barrier repair moisturizers are used on a broad scale to treat the most common types of eczema, ranging from atopic dermatitis to irritant contact dermatitis and radiation dermatitis. The main aim of using these creams is to prevent loss of water from the skin, as well as to help in repairing the outer skin layer that has been damaged due to bacterial infection. Studies have already shown that these topical creams have proved quite useful in not only repairing the skin but also in relieving the burning sensation that is associated with constant itching.
While some of these moisturizers can be bought over the counter, it is highly recommended that you consult a doctor before using one. Make sure that the barrier repair moisturizer that you buy from the market has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is safe for use by children as well.
Regular use of these creams can reduce the redness and thickening of the skin that is common in patients suffering from eczema.
One of the most common ingredients present in these medications is a lipid called ceramide that occurs naturally in the epidermal layer of healthy skin. It is always better to opt for a non-scented formulation as the fragrance inducing ingredient may irritate the skin even more.
Antihistamines used as Eczema Medications
Another common form of Eczema medication that has shown excellent results is antihistamines. These are mostly prescribed in case of severe itching that leads to the disturbed sleep cycle. These medications have been found more effective in helping the patients get some sleep rather than alleviating the itching. A patient may be prescribed sedating or non-sedating antihistamines, depending on their specific case, to help them sleep as it is believed that sound sleep plays a vital role in healing skin related ailments.
Since the primary purpose of taking this medication is to induce sleep, care must be taken not to overdose on them. Apart from the dosage, the prescribed method of taking this drug should also be followed carefully. Once you keep the above points in mind, you do not need to worry about its side effects even if it is being administered to very young children.