Eczema is actually a broad, general term that equates to a family of skin conditions in which there are similar symptoms like dry skin and itching. There are actually several different types of eczema and symptoms that can affect both infants and adults.
Atopic dermatitis is used interchangeably with the word eczema. It is probably the most common form of eczema and lends to family history of eczema and other allergies. Atopic dermatitis usually rears its head during newborn or infant stages and in early childhood stages. It is frequently found on the face, hands, neck, feet, in the folds of the elbows, and behind the knees.
Contact dermatitis is a skin irritation caused by being exposed to an outside irritant like jewelry or nickel. Poison ivy, laundry detergents and some soap all contribute to contact dermatitis. Whether the contact dermatitis is caused by an irritant or allergy trigger, the symptoms are still the same.
The cause of dyshidrotic dermatitis is unknown. This type of eczema is common on both the feet and hands. In the beginning, there is intense itching. After you have gone through that stage, then there may be blisters that appear which will eventually turn into dry, scaly patches.
In nummular dermatitis, men are more affected more than women. This condition is characterized by red circular rashes that are coin-shaped in appearance. They usually appear on the legs, forearms, hips, lower back and on the top of your hands.
Neurodermatitis is a type of eczema that affects people who may unknowingly or unconsciously scratch certain areas of their skin. Over time, skin irritation can develop from scratching and the result can include infection. Genital areas, wrists, ankles, scalp and the back are common areas.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a type of eczema that is also referred to as dandruff. In infants and small children, it can be referred to as cradle cap. In adulthood, it can affect the groin area, chest area, nose and eyebrows.
When there is improper blood flow, a person can develop statis dermatitis. This is a result of poor blood circulation; the blood is not returning to the heart correctly. Statis dermatitis can come on suddenly and it can lead to skin crusting and darkening of the skin. It’s best to treat it with moist compresses and antibiotics.